The roots of this beautiful country lie in the stories of Guimarães. As a result of the continued rebellion of Dom Afonso, who defeated his own mother in the battle of São Mamede, the vicinity of Guimarães holds an important place in carving the history of this country.
Portugal has seen many battles that stand as proof to its rich, yet bloody, history. The battle of Aljubarrota lead by João Mestre de Avis with the assistance of renowned constable Nuno Alvares Pereira won the battle against the Castilians. This began the so called ‘Golden Decade’ of world-wide discoveries.
In 1911, Antonio Salazar, the popular fascist led the country into repressive social laws and beliefs. This was followed by holding colonies of Angola and Guinea, which resulted in deterioration of these places and also led to internal colonial wars amongst men. Antonio was responsible to drive Portugal into a questionable financial mess.
In 1974, democratic reforms shook the pillars of the country, however not so much as one would like to believe. The sudden social reform led to some unplanned chaos and rise in corruption. Later in 1976, Portugal waved off all their African colonies.
Portugal had a third world country status within Europe, however after becoming a part of the European community followed by inflow of funds, the financial status of Portugal started to improve.
Portugal as we know today continues to be a part of the European community. Their financial status is improving. The general socio economic status of the citizens is bleak; however Portugal contributes by having some great inventors, companies and innovators.